Chapter 7

Paramahamsa Vijnana Yoga: Realization of the Ultimate Truth

In chapter seven Lord Krishna reveals absolute knowledge of the ultimate truth as well as theopulence of divinity.He described the illusory energy in the material existence known as mayaand declared how extremely difficult it is to surmount it. Further He describes the four types of people who are attracted to God and the four types of people who are opposed to God. In conclusion He reveals that the best for those with spiritual intelligence is to take exclusive refuge in God in all circumstances without reservation. Thus chapter seven is entitled: Paramahamsa Vijnana Yoga or Realization of the Ultimate Truth.

Verse 1

Lord Krishna said: O Arjuna hear how that with your consciousness absorbed in Me, taking complete shelter of Me, executing the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness, you will be able know I completely free from doubt.

Verse 2

I shall now explain to you fully this phenomenal knowledge along with its realization; whichby knowing nothing further remains to be known in this world.

Verse 3

Out of many thousands of men hardly one endeavors for the perfection of self-realization, and of those so endeavoring hardly one has achieved the perfection of self-realization and of those hardly one knows I in truth.

Verse 4

Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, spiritual intelligence and false ego; thus these are the eight fold divisions of My external energy.

Verse 5

O mighty armed one, this external energy is inferior; but superior to this, you should know another, My marginal energy comprising the embodied souls of all living entities by which this material world is utilized.

Verse 6

Be aware that everything living are manifested by these two energies of Mine; I am the creatorthe sustainer and the destroyer of all the worlds.

Verse 7

O Arjuna there is nothing superior to Me; everything existing is connected to I like pearls on a thread.

Verse 8

O Arjuna, I am the sweetness of flavor in water; the radiant luster of the sun and the moon; the primordial root syllable O within all the Vedas; the subsonic element of sound in ether and the ability in man.

Verse 9

I am the original fragrance in the Earth, the heat in fire and the vitality of all beings; also I am tolerance in those who perform austerities.

Verse 10

O Arjuna, try to understand I as the eternal origin of all living entities. I am the wisdom of the spiritually intelligent and the prowess of the powerful.

Verse 11

O Arjuna, I am the strength of the strong devoid of attachment and passion and the energy of procreation in all beings which is not contrary to righteousness.

Verse 12

Know that all states of beings in the mode of goodness, the mode of passion and whatever is in the mode of ignorance as being manifested by I alone; but I am not within them, they arewithin Me.

Verse 13

This complete universe is deluded by the threefold condition of the modes of the external energy; certainly no one knows Me, who is beyond them, immutable and Supreme.

Verse 14

This divine illusion of Mine, consisting of the three modes of the external energy, certainly isdifficult to overcome; but those who surrender unto Me, they only are able to surmount this illusory energy.

Verse 15

The depraved, the foolish, the lower levels of humanity, do not surrender unto Me; their discrimination degraded by the illusory energy they betake to the nature of the demoniac.

Verse 16

O best of the Bharatas, four types of pious persons render devotional service unto Me; the distressed, the seeker of knowledge, desirers of wealth and men of wisdom.

Verse 17

Among them the man of wisdom always engaged exclusively in devotional service is superior; since to the cultivator of wisdom I am extremely dear and he is dear to Me.

Verse 18

All these persons are certainly worthy; but in My opinion the man of wisdom is one with Me;because he is situated solely in self-realization of I as the highest attainment.

Verse 19

Thus after innumerable births one perfected in wisdom, understanding fully the Supreme Lord as the ultimate cause of all cause, surrenders unto Me; such a great soul is very rare.

Verse 20

Those deprived of discrimination by various desires impelled by their particular natures worship the lesser demigods adapting to the applicable rites and rituals.

Verse 21

Whichever demigod a particular devotee desires with faith to worship, I surely sustain firmly that faith in him.

Verse 22

Endowed with that firm faith the devotee executes worship of this demigod and sanctioned by I solely; obtains that which he desired from that demigod.

Verse 23

The result of those of insufficient understanding is temporary; the votaries of the demigods obtain the demigod; but My devotees obtains Me.

Verse 24

Unable to comprehend My imperishable, exalted and supreme state of being; the spiritually deficient regard Me, the unmanifest as coming into existence.

Verse 25

I am not manifest to everyone, being veiled by My illusory potency in the external energy. The ignorant in this world cannot understand Me, the unborn and imperishable.

Verse 26

O Arjuna, I know equally the past, present and future and all living life forms but no one knows Me.

Verse 27

O Arjuna, at the commencement of universal creation all forms of life are in delusion by the illusions of duality born of desire and aversion, O conqueror of enemies.

Verse 28

But those persons performing virtuous activities whose sins have been completely eradicated;they being free from the delusion of duality conscientiously and determinedly engage in devotional service unto Me.

Verse 29

Those who endeavor for liberation from old age and death take shelter of Me; such persons learn the Ultimate Truth, the embodied self and the entire subject of action and reaction.

Verse 30

Those who know Me, the Ultimate Personality as the governing principle of the phenomenal existence, as the underlying foundation of all the demigods and as unmitigated sustainer of the performance of all sacrifices; they with their minds absorbed in I can know I even at the moment of death.

Thus ends the Bhagavad-Gita Trust translation of the Bhagavad-Gita, chapter seven, entitled: Paramahamsa Vijna Yoga:Realization of the Ultimate Truth.


Chapter 8

Aksara-Parabrahman Yoga: Attainment of Salvation

In chapter eight Lord Krishna emphasizes the paramount importance of what one thinks at the moment of death revealing that one becomes what one contemplates at the last breath of life. He also gives pertinent information regarding the creation of the material worlds and the distinction between them and the spiritual worlds. The paths of light are also summarized and their position regarding salvation is given. thus chapter eight is entitled: Aksara- Parabrahman Yoga or Attainment of Salvation.

Verse 1

Arjuna said: O Krishna, what is the Ultimate Truth? What is the embodied self? What is fruitive action? What is described as the governing principle of the phenomenal existence and what is declared the underlying foundation of all the demigods?

Verse 2

O Krishna, who is the Lord of sacrifice within the body? How is it situated and how can this be known at the moment of death by the self controlled?

Verse 3

Lord Krishna said: the supreme indestructible reality is declared the Ultimate Truth. Its eternal nature is the embodied self. Procreation and the desired devlopement in the material existence of the physical bodies of all living entities is delineated as fruitive actions.

Verse 4

Perishable objects are of the phenomenal existence; the omnipresent transcendental personality is the underlying foundation of all the demigods and I within the body certainly am the Lord of all sacrifices, O best of beings.

Verse 5

One who remembers I at the moment of death, relinquishing the body ascends and achieves My nature. There is certainly no doubt about this.

Verse 6

O Arjuna, one who at the final moment gives up their body remembering any idea whatsoever certainly becomes the object of that idea being absorbed in it by constant contemplation.

Verse 7

Therefore constantly remember I at all times and fight, offering your mind and spiritual intelligence unto I and certainly you shall attain I without doubt.

Verse 8

O Arjuna, remembering at every moment the effulgent Supreme Personality with an undeviated mind, perfected in the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness; one achieves unto Him.

Verses 9

One meditates on the omniscient, primordial, the controller, smaller than the atom, yet the maintainer of everything; whose form is inconceivable, resplendent like the sun and totally transcendental to the material nature. Verse 10
One who at the moment of death with an undeviating mind, by the power of the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness, engaged in devotionalservice, properly establishes the life breath between the eyebrows achieves the effulgent Supreme Personality. Verse 11
That path which the learned knowers of Vedic scriptures declare imperishable into which thegreat renounced ascetics devoid of sensual desires enters and that which striving to reach thevow of celibacy is maintained; I shall explain unto you in summation.

Verses 12

Withdrawing from sense objects all the senses of the body and steadying the mind within theheart, fixed in self-realization with the life breath in the head is being established perfectly inthe science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness.

Verse 13

Anyone uttering the indestructible mono syllable O, the transcendental sound vibration of the Ultimate Truth, remembering I continuously; thus relinquishing their body in this wayachieves the supreme goal.

Verse 14

O Arjuna, for such a one perfecting the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness, without deviation, always engaged in constantly remembering I continuously; to him I am very easily attainable.

Verse 15

The great souls having achieved ultimate perfection take refuge of Me, never again assume this transitory birth full of misery.

Verse 16

The residents of all the worlds, O Arjuna, from Brahmas world the most evolved material planet in all the trillions of universes, downwards are subject to the cycle of repeated birth and death; but by taking refuge of Me, O Arjuna, repeated rebirth ceases.

Verse 17

Those who know Brahma's day which comprises the duration of four billion three hundred and twenty million years and his night also the duration of four billion three hundred and twenty million years are knowers of day and night.

Verse 18

With the advent of his day all living entities are produced from the unmanifest and at the arrival of his night dissapear again thereinto that which is designated as the unmanifest.

Verse 19

O Arjuna, these very same innumerous living entities repeatedly taking birth with the adventof his day, dissapear on the arrival of his night manifesting again automatically on the adventof his day.

Verse 20

But another unmanifest which is eternal, of a superior nature from the unmanifest of Brahma that is never destroyed when all living entities perish.

Verse 21

That unmanifest is described as imperishable and proclaimed to be the supreme goal, having reached never returns to the material existence; that is My supreme abode.

Verse 22

O Arjuna, that Supreme Personality, by whom nothing is greater, situated within all living entities and by whom everything is pervaded can be achieved only by unalloyed devotion.

Verse 23

The exact time for passing from this world for those perfected in the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness to receive liberation and the time at which one receives rebirth; I shall now describe, O Arjuna.

Verse 24

Persons knowledgeable of the Ultimate Truth who pass from this world by Agni the demigod of fire, by Jyoti the demigod of light, by Aha the demigod of daytime; by Sukla the demigod of the waxing moon and Uttataryam the presiding demigod for the six months of the suns progression between winter solstice and summer solstice; they attain the Ultimate Truth.

Verse 25

One perfecting the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness who passes from this world by the demigod of smoke, the demigod of night; the demigod of the waning moon and also the presiding demigod of the six months for the suns progression between summer solstice and winter solstice, after reaching the heavenly illuminated lunar spheres undergoes rebirth.

Verse 26

These light and dark paths are beginningless and certainly as eternal as the material universes; by one liberation is attained and by the other one repeatedly returns again.

Verse 27

O Arjuna, coming to know about these two paths, anyone perfecting the science of uniting theindividual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness is never deluded; therefore O Arjuna always be engaged in the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness.

Verse 28

Whatever the meritorious rewards indicated in the Vedic scriptures by ritualistic sacrifices, rigorous asceticism or by philanthropic charity; one perfected in the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness transcends them all and achieves the supreme, primordial abode.

Thus ends the Bhagavad-Gita Trust translation of the Bhagavad-Gita, chapter eight, entitled: Aksara-Parabrahman Yoga:Attainment of Salvation.


Chapter 9

Raja-Vidya-Guhya Yoga: Confidential Knowledge of the Ultimate Truth

Chapter nine Lord Krishna reveals the sovereign science and the sovereign secret. he explainshow the entire material existence is created, pervaded, maintained and annihilated by His external energyand how all beings are coming in and going out of existence by His auspices. The subject matters covered are are primarily concerned with devotional service which the Lord explains as being most confidential. Thus chapter nine is entitled: Raja-Vidya-Guhya Yoga or Confidential Knowledge of the Ultimate Truth.

Verse 1

Lord Krishna said: I am expounding unto you who are unnenvious, this most confidential, secret wisdom, the knowledge of devotion, which when in realization after knowing which you will be liberated from this miserable material existence.

Verse 2

This knowledge is the king of all wisdom; the king of all thats confidential, the topmost in righteousness, purifying, able to be perceived by direct realization, very joyous to perform and everlasting.

Verse 3

O Arjuna, persons devoid of faith in the righteousness of this devotion, unable to obtain Me; undergo repeated rebirth on the deadly path of this miserable material existence.

Verse 4

All of the universes are prevaded by Me, in an imperceptibly subtle manifestation and all living entities find their support in Me; but I am not supported in them.

Verse 5

Behold my extraordinary and unparalleled majestic transcendental opulence; My omniscient Self is the maintainer of all living entities and the protecter of all living entities but never influenced by them or by the material nature.

Verse 6

Understand just as the mighty wind blowing everywhere is always situated within space; similarly all created beings thus are situated in Me.

Verse 7

O Arjuna, all created beings enter into My nature at the end of a four billion, 320 million year cycle; and after another four billion, 320 million year cycle, I generate them all again.

Verse 8

Presiding over My external potency the material energy, I generate again and again all these innumerable living entities; inaccordance to the implications of their material natures.

Verse 9

O Arjuna, these universal activities never bind Me; I am situated neutrally and unattached to all these activities.

Verse 10

Superintended by I the illusory external energy manifests all moving and non-moving entities; for this reason O Arjuna, the universal manifestation is created repeatedly.

Verse 11

Fools deride I in My divine human form, unable to comprehend My supreme nature as theUltimate Controller of all living entities.

Verse 12

These bewildered fools of futile desires, futile endeavours, futile knowledge and futile understanding; certainly assume the nature of the athiestic and demoniac.

Verse 13

But the great souls having taken refuge of the divine nature, O Arjuna, render devotional service unto I with undeviated mind knowing I as the imperishable origin of all creation.

Verse 14

Always eulogizing My divine glories, resolutely endeavoring with unfailing determination and humbly offering obeisances; desirers for an eternal relationship worship I in loving devotion.

Verse 15

And by the sacrifice of cultivating spiritual knowledge others performing offerings of sacrifice worship I in non-seperated oneness, in distinctive duality, in differentiated diversity and as the universal manifestation.

Verse 16

I am the seven Vedic fire rituals, I am the five daily acts of sacrifice, I am the oblations offeredto the departed anscestors, I am the healing herb; I am the transcendental incantation; I am clarified cow ghee; I am the fire and I am the act of offering.

Verse 17

I am the father of this universe, the mother, the grandfather, the progenitor, the essence to be known, the purifying transcendental sound vibration Om; also the the Rig Veda, the Sama Veda and the Yajur Veda.

Verse 18

I am the goal, the sustainer, the master, the witness, the refuge, the guardian, the well-wisher, the creation, the dissolution, the preservation, the resevoir and the imperishable cause.

Verse 19

O Arjuna I give heat, I send forth and withhold the rain, I alone am immortality and death and all that exists in the manifest present as well as all that exists in the unmanifest past and the unmanifest future.

Verse 20

Knowers of the prescribed rituals of the three Vedas, purified of sins by remnants of the heavenly elixir, worship I indirectly by such offerings of sacrifice to the demigods; they aspire for entry to the heavenly spheres, where after reaching as their reward the world of Indra, enjoy the celestial pleasures of the demigods in heaven.

Verse 21

Having enjoyed extensively the heavenly spheres, the results of their pious activities being exhausted , return to the worlds of mortals; thus following the doctrine of righteousness in thethree Vedas, desirers of sense enjoyment receive only the cycle of birth and death.

Verse 22

Those who desire My eternal association precluding all else meditate on I with exclusive devotion; those persons, I insure the uniting of their individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness perpetually.

Verse 23

O Arjuna, those who worship devotedly different demigods, although faithfully; they also worship I only; but in an unauthorised manner.

Verse 24

I am the enjoyer and Ultimate Master of all performace of sacrifice; but they do not know I in reality, consequently they revolve in the cycle of rebirth.

Verse 25

Worshipers of the demigods go the demigods, worshipers of the anscestors go to the anscestors, worshipers of the ghosts and spirits go to the ghosts and spirits and My worshipers certainly come to Me.

Verse 26

Whoever with loving devotion offers unto I a leaf, a flower, a fruit, or water, I affectionatelyaccept that devotional offering from that pure hearted being.

Verse 27

O Arjuna, whatever action you do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer in sacrifice, whateveryou give in charity, whatever austerities you perform, all that you do; make as an offering untoMe.

Verse 28

In this way you will become free from auspicious and inauspicious reactions from the bondage of actions; having fixed the mind in renunciation by the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness, being so endowed you will proceed unto Me.

Verse 29

I am equally disposed to all living entities; there is neither friend nor foe to Me; but those whowith loving sentiments render devotional service unto Me, such persons are in I and I am in them.

Verse 30

Even if one committing the most abominable actions renders service only unto I exclusivelywithout deviation; one is to be considered saintly because one is correctly resolved and properly situated.

Verse 31

One swiftly becomes endowed with righteousness and justly obtains everlasting peace. O Arjuna declare it boldly, My devotee never perishes.

Verse 32

O Arjuna, even those who may be born from the wombs of degraded women, merchants andmenials; if they take full shelter of Me, they also reach the supreme goal.

Verse 33

What then again of devotees, virtuous brahmanas and saintly kings having achieved this transient world full of misery, engage in devotional service unto Me.

Verse 34

Be ever conscious of Me, be My devotee, worship Me, offer obeisances unto Me; in this way completely dedicating mind and body unto Me, having I for the supreme goal you will certainly reach Me.

Thus ends the Bhagavad-Gita Trust translation of the Bhagavad-Gita, chapter nine, entitled: Raja-Vidya-Guhya Yoga: Confidential Knowledge of the Ultimate Truth