Bhagavad-Gita: Chapter 10-12
Vibhuti-Vistara Yoga: The Infinite Glories of the
Chapter ten reveals Lord Krishna supreme position as the source
of all sources and the cause of all causes specifying His special
manifestations and opulence but only the most prominent ones. Thus
chapter ten is entitled: Vibhuti-Vistara Yoga or The Infinite
Glories of the Ultimate Truth.
Lord Krishna said: O Arjuna, just hear once again My paramount
instructions which for yourbest welfare I will speak unto you, who
take delight in them.
Neither the demigods nor the great sages understand My divine
transcendental appearance; because I am the original source of the
demigods and of the great sages in every respect.
One who knows I as birthless, beginningless, and the supreme
controller of all the worlds; he being undeluded among mortals is
delivered from all sins.
Verses 4, 5
Spiritual intelligence, knowledge, freedom from false
perception, compassion, truthfulness, control of the senses, control
of the mind, happieness, unhappiness, birth, death, fear and
fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, contentment, austerity,
charity, fame, infamy; all thesevarieagated diverse qualities of all
living entities originate from I alone.
The seven great sages: Maràci, Atri, Aëgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha,
Kratu and Vasithha in earlier ages, also the four Manus:
Svayambhuva, Svarochita, Raivata and Uttama all manifested from
mental impulses originating from Me; populated all existing progeny
in the material universes.
One who knows in truth this almighty majestic supremacy of Mine
and the science of unitingthe individual consciousness with the
Ultimate Consciousness; such a person engaging without deviation,
perfects the science of uniting the individual consciouness with the
Ultimate Consciousness, undoubtedly in this matter.
I am the original generating cause of all causes,everything
emanates from Me; comprehending this the spiritually intelligent
endowed with devotional sentiments become devoted unto Me.
Their minds fully dedicated unto Me, their lives fully
surrendered unto Me; perpetually enlightening one another and ever
relishing My nectarean glories; completely satisfied they enjoy
To those devotees so dedicated unto Me, I bestow the spiritual
intelligence to unite their individual consciousness with the
Ultimate Consciousness; by which they can come unto Me.
Out of compassion for them, I situated within the heart,
certainly destroy the darkness born of ignorance with the radiant
light of knowledge.
Verses 12, 13
Arjuna said: You are the supreme personality, the supreme
Ultimate Truth, the supreme abodethe most sacred; all the exalted
sages, Narada Muni, Asita, Devala and the great Vyasadeva proclaim
You as the supreme, eternal personality, the self manifest, the
original Lord of all gods, unborn and all prevading; now You
personally are declaring this to me.
O Krishna all this which You have told I I accept as fact;
verily O Krishna neither the demigods nor the demons understand your
O Krishna, O greatest of all personalities; O origin of all
origins, O Lord of all beings, O Lordof all Gods, O Lord of the
universe; only You personally know Yourelf by Yourself.
Verily, You alone are able to describe in detail Your self-same
divine opulences by which these opulences you abide pervading all
O Krishna, how shall I perfecting the science of uniting the
individual consciousness with theUltimate Consciousness know You;
always meditating on You in everyway and in which various
manifestations are You to be contemplated by me.
O Krishna, please describe again, elaborately the process of
devotion to You by perfecting thescience of uniting the individual
consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness; also of Yourmajestic
transcendental opulences; since there is no satiation for I hearing
Lord Krishna said:O Arjuna,I shall explain to you only the
divine personal majestic opulenceswhich are prominenet since there
is no end to My extensive glories.
O Arjuna, I am the Ultimate Consciousness situated within the
heart of all living entities and I am the beginning, the middle and
the end as well of all living entities.
Of the twelve Adityas Iam Visnu, of all luminaries the radiant
sun, of the seven Maruts I am Marici and of the constellations I am
Of the Vedas I am the Sama Veda, of the demigods I am Indra the
ruler of the demigods, of the senses I am the mind and of all living
entities I am consciousness.
Of the eleven Rudras I am Siva and of Yaksas and Raksasas I am
Kuvera the treasurer of the demigods, of the eight Vasus I am Agni
the fire god and of mountains Meru.
Understand Me, O Arjuna to be Brìhaspati the chief priest of the
demigods, of commanders I am Kartikeya and of reservoirs of water I
am the ocean.
Of the great sages I am Bhìgu, of speech I am the transcendental
monosyllable Om, of all types of sacrifice, I am the sacrifice of
chanting the holy names of GOD and of immovable things the Himalayan
Of all trees Iam the sacred banyan tree of divine sages I am
Narada Muni, of the Gandharvas I am Citraratha and of perfected
beings I am Kapiladeva.
Of horses know I as Uccaihsrava generated from nectar churned
in the milk ocean; of lordlyelephants, Airavata and of human beings
I am the king.
Of all weapons I am the thuderbolt, of cows I am the wish
fulfilling surabhi cow; I am Cupid,the motivation of procreation for
begetting progeny and of poisonous single headed serpents,I am
Vasuki. Verse 29
Of the many headed non-poisonous serpents I am the divine
serpent Ananta, of all aquatics I am Varuna the demigod ruling the
inhabitants of water, of diefied anscestors I am Aryama and of
administrators of justice I am Yamaraja the judge of all beings at
the time of death.
Of the Daityas I am Prahlada, of measurements I am time, of all
the animals the lion and of birds I am Garuda.
Of the swift moving I am the wind, of all the weilders of
weapons I am Rama, of fishes the shark and of flowing rivers the
O Arjuna, I alone am the creator, maintainer and destroyer of
all creation; of knowledge I am spiritual knowledge and of
arguements I am the logical conclusion.
Of letters I am the first letter A, and of compound words the
dual word, I am eternal ever flowing time and the four-faced Brahma.
I am all-devouring death and of the six manifestations of all
living entities I am the first as birth; of feminine attributes I am
fame, beauty, perfect speech, memory, intellect, patience and
Of the Sama-Veda hymns, I am the Bìhat-sama, also of mantras
composed in poetic meter I am the Gayatri; of the months I am the
harvest month in fall and of seasons the spring.
Of deceivers I am gambling, I am the glory of the glorious; I am
victory, enterprise and the nobility of the noble.
Of the descendants of Vrìsni I am Vasudeva, of the Pandavas I am
Arjuna, of the sages I am Vyasadeva and among great scholars of
Of chastisers I am the rod of punishment, of those desiring
success I am strategy, of all secretsI am silence and the certain
wisdom of the wise.
O Arjuna, and whatever is the root cause of all living entities,
I am that also; there is nothing which is moving or stationary in
all of creation, that exists without Me.
O Arjuna there is no limit to My transcendental majestic
opulences; but all these accounts of such majestic opulences are
mentioned by I only in brief.
Certainly wherever and whatever is majestic, beautiful or
magnificent; you must certainly know that all these manifestations
arise from but a fraction of My glory.
What necessity is there for you, O Arjuna of such detailed
knowledge and so many examples?I support this entire universal
manifestation situated in but a fraction of Myself.
Thus ends the Bhagavad-Gita Trust translation of Bhagavad-Gita,
chapter ten, entitled: Vibhuti-Vistara Yoga: The Infinite Glories of
the Ultimate Truth.
Visvarupa-Darsana Yoga: The Vision of the Universal
In chapter eleven Lord Krishna is beseeched by Prince Arjuna to
reveal His universal form, Since it can never be imitated, it
establishes for all times Lord Krishna's supreme position. Thus
chapter eleven is entitled Visvarupa-Darsana Yoga or The Vision of
the Universal Form.
Arjuna said: By these supremely confidential instructions
regarding the wisdom of the self,which being merciful unto me, was
spoken by You; this illusion of Mine has been dispelled.
O Krishna, verily it has been heard by I in detail the creation
and dissolution of all living entities also of Your imperishable
glories as well.
O Krishna, as You have described Your Ultimate Self, this is so.
O greatest of all personalities, I wish to see Your omnipotent
O Lord, if you consider that I am able to see that form, then
please show Your imperishable Ultimate Self to me; O Krishna.
Lord Krishna said: O Arjuna, behold My divine, transcendental
forms with hundreds and thousands of varieagated types and
varieagated colors and forms.
Behold the twelve Adityas, the eight Vasu's, the eleven forms of
Siva, the twin Asvins as well as the forty-nine Maruts. Behold O
Arjuna, innumerable wonders never seen before.
O Arjuna, behold at once the whole universe of moving and
stationary beings situated in onlyone part in this body of Mine and
whatever else you wish to see.
But with these present eyes of yours you will not be able to see
I so I grant you divine sight;behold the omnipotent majesty of My
Ultimate transcendental power.
Sanjaya said: O king, having spoken thus, Lord Krishna the
sovereign master of all perfectingthe science of uniting the
individual consciousness with the Ultimate Consciousness revealedto
Arjuna the supreme omnipotent majestic universal form.
Verses 10, 11
Revealing innumerable wonders, innumerable mouths and eyes,
decorated with innumerabledazzling ornaments, armed with innumerable
gleaming weapons, magnificently attired and resplendently garlanded,
annointed with equisite, celestial fragrances, completely amazing
and phenomenal, unlimited, brilliant and all pervading.
If the effulgence of a thousand suns simultaneously were to
blaze forth in the firmament; then that might be comparable with the
effulgence of the Ultimate Personalities universal form.
Then and there Arjuna son of Pandu could see the complete
universe, variously divided, situated in one place within the
universal form of Lord Krishna the Lord of all lords.
Thereafter being overwhelmed with amazement, with his bodily
hairs standing on end due togreat ecstasy; Arjuna with his body
offerred obeisances unto Lord Krishna and began to speak with folded
Arjuna said: O Lord, I behold within Your body all the demigods
also all diverse species of living entities, all the divine sages
and serpents, Siva and Brahma seated on a lotus flower.
O Sovereign Lord of the universe, O universal form, I behold
Your unlimited form with innumerable arms, stomachs, faces, and
eyes; again I behold no beginning, no middle and no end to You.
I behold You in all directions adorned with crowns, macesand
cakras; illuminating all sides, effulgently glorious like the
blazing fire of radiant suns thus difficult to look at and
You are the Supreme Ultimate Truth knowable by the Vedic
scriptures. You are the only support of this universe. You are the
imperishable preserver of eternal righteousness. You are the
everlasting, Supreme Ultimate Personality. This is my conviction.
I see You without beginning, middle or end; of infinite energy,
with unlimited arms, with eyes like the sun and the moon with
blazing fire in Your mouths, heating this universe by Your glorious
Verily the space between the heavens and the Earth and all
directions are pervaded by You alone; O greatest of all, by seeing
this wonderful and terrible form of Yours, the three planetary
heiarchies tremble with fear.
Verily all these groups of demigods are entering into You, some
of them out of fear are offering prayers with folded hands saying
all glory; the great sages and perfected beings are offering worship
by singing hymns from Vedic scriptures.
The eleven expansions of Siva and the twelve Adityas, the eight
Vasus also the Sadhyas, the Visvadevas, the twin Asvins, the seven
Maruts and the diefied anscestors also hosts of Gandharvas,Yaksas,
Asuras and perfected beings all verily look upon You in wonder.
O mighty armed one, seeing Your magnificent form of manifold
faces and eyes, manifold arms, legs and feet, manifold stomachs and
manifold terrifying teeth; all the planets tremble in fear and so do
O Krishna seeing You touching the firmament, electrifying in
innumerable colors with wide open mouths and huge fiery eyes; verily
I am trembling within myself unable to maintain my fortitude or
Just by seeing Your visage with its terrible teeth blazing like
the fire of universal annihilation I know not the cardinal points
nor can I obtain contentment. O Krishna, Lord of all gods, O refuge
of all the worlds be merciful unto me.
Verses 26, 27
All the sons of DhìtarÇÉÿra verily along with their allied
armies of warrior kings, also Bhishma, Dronacarya, the charioteers
son Karna, as well as the principle warriors from our side are
rushing forward unto You entering into Your terrifying mouths with
their dreadful teeth; some can be seen with smashed heads sticking
between the teeth.
Just as many currents of water from rivers flowing rapidly
verily enter the ocean; similarly all these kings of the world are
entering your fiery mouths from all directions.
As moths with great speed enter into a blazing fire to perish;
similarly all these armies with great speed are entering into Your
mouths only to perish.
O Krishna, O pervader of the universe, You are lapping up and
devouring all these people from all directions; with your fiery
mouths covered by Your radiant effulgences fearsome rays all the
universes are scorched.
Please reveal who You are of such fearsome form. I offer
obeisances unto You. O Lord of all be merciful to me. I wish to
clearly know You, the Primeval Being because I cannot fathom
Lord Krishna said: I am terrible time the destroyer of all
beings in all worlds, engaged to destroy all beings in this world;
of those heroic soldiers presently situated in the opposing army,
even without you none will be spared.
Therefore arise for battle, O Arjuna. You will gain fame by
conquering the enemy and enjoy aflourishing kingdom. All these
warriors have been slain already by I due to previous design and
you are merely the instrument.
Slay Dronacarya and Bhishma and Jayadratha and Karna also; all
the other warriors bent on fighting are already slain by Me, do not
be distressed, just fight and you will surely conquer your enemies
Sanjaya said: Hearing this instruction from Lord Krishna,Arjuna
trembling with folded handsofferred humble respects with a very
fearful heart and again offering obeisances spoke unto Lord Krishna
in a faltering voice.
Arjuna said: It is justly so O Krishna, the entire universe is
exalted by singing Your glories becoming attracted and the
perfecteds beings are offerring praises; but all the demons out of
fear are fleeing in the four directions.
Why should they not offer respects unto You, O greatest of all;
the original creator of Brahma?O infinite one! O Lord of all gods! O
refuge of the universe and the most worshipable, You are
indestructible, the manifest and unmanifest; yet transcendental to
You are the original Lord, the eternal Personality, You are the
supreme refuge of the universe, the knower and the knowable and the
supreme abode; by Your infinite form all the universe is pervaded.
You are the wind, death, fire, water, the moon, Brahma and
Visnu. I offer respectful obeisances thousands and thousands of
times unto You, and again offer respectful obeisances unto You and
yet again offer my respectful obeisances again and again.
O embodiment of all, my obeisances unto You from the front and
from the back. I offer obeisances unto You from all sides as well; O
thou of unlimited potency and infinite power, You completely pervade
the entire universe, therefore You are everything.
Whatever has been spoken presumptuously by I thinking of You as
a friend due to delusion or due to affection thus: O Krishna, O
Yadava, O dear friend without knowing Your glories and universal
form; O infallible one whatever disrespect may have occurred in jest
at times ofsporting, resting, sitting and eating; alone or also
among companions, all these things I am beseeching You to please
O unparalleled glorious one, of the universes of moving and
stationary beings. You are the father, the object of worship, the
preceptor and even more venerable; certainly there is nothing equal
to You in the three planetary heiarchies so how can there be
Therefore prostrating my body flat on the ground in offering
obeisances, I am propitiating You, the worshipable Supreme Lord. O
Lord be merciful and tolerant as a father is with a son, or a friend
is with a friend or as a lover is with a beloved.
O Lord, by seeing this never before seen universal form I am
gladdened yet my mind is agitated out of fear; O Lord of all gods, O
refuge of the universes; please be merciful to show I Your former
O thousand armed one, I wish to see You as before; crowned with
mace and discus in hand. O universal form do assume that former four
Lord Krishna said: O Arjuna, being pleased I have shown you by
My divine potency of uniting your individual consciousness with My
Ultimate Consciousness; this supreme universal form of Mine,
gloriously effulgent, infinite, primeval which no one has ever seen
before except you.
O Arjuna, neither by study of Vedic scriptures or performance of
sacrifice, nor charity, nor pious activities, nor severe austerities
can I be seen thus in this form in the material worlds except by
Be no longer afflicted with fear and bewilderment by seeing My
universal form of such horrible features; free from fear and of
cheerful mind, you verily will perceive again this former form of
Sanjaya said: Lord Krishna speaking in this way to him,
exhibited His four armed form and then again appearing in the
beautiful two armed form as the Ultimate Personality pacified
Arjuna said: O Krishna, seeing this beautiful two armed form of
Yours, now my consciousness is placated and has regained its
Lord Krishna said: This transcendental two armed form of Mine
which you did see is very rarely ever seen; even the demigods
eternally aspire for a glimpse of this form.
I cannot be seen in this eternal form by study of the Vedas, nor
by severe penance, nor by charity, nor by grand rituals and
ceremonies is it possible to se I as you are.
But by devotional service O Arjuna unmixed with fruitive desires
and speculative knowledge, O scorcher of the enemy; it is possible I
can be known and seen in such an eternal form and factually enter My
O Arjuna, one who engages in actions for Me, considering I the
Supreme goal, engaging indevotional service for Me, freed from the
contamination of fruitive activities and mental speculation, devoid
of enmity towards any living entity; such a person attains Me.
Thus ends the Bhagavad-Gita Trust translation of Bhagavad-Gita,
chapter eleven, entitiled: Vivvarupa-Darsana Yoga: The Vision of the
Bhakti Yoga: The Path of Devotion
In chapter twelve Lord Krishna extols the glory of devotion to
God. Also He explains the different forms of spiritual discipline
and discusses the qualities of the devotees who by performing their
activities in devotion become very dear to the Lord. This chapter
twelve is entitled: Bhakti Yoga or The Path of Devotion.
Arjuna said: Those devotees who thus are always engaged in
exclusive worship of You and then again those who betake the
impersonal absolute devoid of perceptible form and attributes;
between them who is most perfect in knowledge of the science of
uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate
Lord Krishna said: of those who are endowed with firm faith of a
special kind beyond material conceptions; fixing their minds on Me,
always engaged exclusively worshipping Me.They are considered by I
the most superior of all.
Verses 3, 4
But those who worship the indescribable, all-pervading,
inconceivable, immutable, constant, eternal, impersonal absolute
devoid of perceptible form and attributes; completely controllingall
the senses with spiritual intelligence equally disposed to
everything and dedicated to the welfare of all living entities; they
certainly also achieve Me.
Those whose minds are attached to the unmanifest aspect have
much greater tribulations because devoid of any perceptible form and
attributes success is achieved with great difficulty due to the
beings identifying with the body.
Verses 6, 7
But those who surrendering all activities unto Me, being
attached to Me, meditating on I with exclusive worship by the
science of uniting the individual consciousness with the
UltimateCosciousness in devotion; O Arjuna, of these persons whose
minds are absorbed in thoughts of Me, I become their deliverer
without delay from the ocean of death in the material existence
Concentrate the mind upon Me, apply spiritual intelligence for
Me; verily you will reside with I after this existence without
O Arjuna, if therefore you are unable to completely establish
the mind steadfastly in Me; thentry to obtain I by practicing the
science of uniting the individual consciousness with theUltimate
Consciousness by remembering Me.
And if in the practice of remembering Me, you are also unfit
then be dedicated in the performance of duties for I and in
performing activities for My satisfaction you will achieve
And if also this you are unable to perform then taking shelter
of I by the science of uniting the individual consciousness with
the Ultimate Consciousness, controlling the mind perform all
activities renouncing the results.
Knowledge is superior to practice, meditation is considered
better than knowledge; renouncing the results of actions than
meditation, for by such renunciation comes tranquility.
Verses 13, 14
That devotee of Mine who is non-envious possessing benevolence
towards all living entities,compassionate with no sense of
proprietorship; free from false ego, equal in distress and
happiness, forgiving, the always content one perfecting the science
of uniting the individual consciousness with the Ultimate
Consciousness, self-controlled, with unflinching determination,
dedicating mind and spiritual intelligence upon I is very dear to
One from whom any person is never disturbed and one who is never
disturbed from any person and who is freed from the mundane
pleasures, anger, fear and anxiety such a one is very dear to Me.
That devotee of Mine who is desireless, pure, expert, free from
worry, free from agitation, unconcerned with any mundane endeavor;
such a one is very dear to Me.
One who rejoices not, dislikes not, grieves not, and desires
not, impartial to both what is auspicious and inauspicious, engaged
in devotional service such a one is very dear to Me.
That person who is equal to an enemy as well as a friend, also
in honor or dishonor, impartial in cold, heat, happiness and
distress, exempt from attachment, equipoised in praise or repute,
contemplatative before speaking,satisfied with whatever comes on its
own accord, unattached to domestic life, fixed in determination and
engaged in devotional service; such a one is very dear to Me.
Endowed with resolute faith in devotion to Me, those who worship
this nectarian path of righteousness as described; these devotees
are very, very dear to Me.
Thus ends the Bhagavad-Gita Trust translation of Bhagavad-Gita,
chapter twelve, entitled: Bhakti Yoga: The Path of Devotion.